Ture taihara



Te ture kirimina, ko taua wahi o te ture public, e whakarato ana te whiu taihara ki te tangata e mahia e te whakahaere i, kaha ranei hāngū, e te ture i te whakaae kia rite ki te taihara.

Tetahi take ko te taua e anake, ki te u, me te mohio e te ture. Kia rite ki te parau tumu o te definiteness, te rerenga kōrero me te mārama i tenei wāhi, hanga i te reira te mārama ki te katoa ngā rōpū he aha te mea te whanonga e tika, me te e i te hunga he ture. I reira me te waiho i te ōwehenga i waenganui i te whiu a te hara, e te whiu, e kore e taea te taikaha ki te hara mahia (i te parau tumu o te proportionality). Te ture taihara, ko te anake i te mau ture o te meinga e te pāremata, i tetahi ture o raro hopohopo he tika anake hoki te mere ngā hangarau (hei tauira, ki te whakahiato he aha te matū taero). Te ture kirimina, he tika anake hoki te heke mai, e kore koutou e taea te whiu i te meka tupu i te aroaro o i te tomokanga ki te kaha o te ture, na te ture kirimina, kahore retroactive pānga. I roto i te Italian ture taihara, i tetahi new kino, me te mehua haumaru me te kia whakaurua i roto i te waehere taihara mā te whakarerekē i te organic (te parau tumu o te rahui o te waehere). Te Āhua, e arai i etahi tangata whanonga (hara), i te tikanga o te riri o te tauwhāiti te whakatau afflittiva (utu), te tiaki i te i ngā uara taketake o te iwi. Me te mea ko te momo o te whakatau, ‘utu’, e titore i te hara, i te hara taihara ranei, i te putanga nei, me te whakahaere i te hara. Na ka ano, i reira ko te momo o te whakatau, e ko, ‘utu’, ki te wehe i te ture taihara i te ture, me te whakahaere. Te whakatau i hua mai i te ofatiraa o te penal whakahau ko te utu, te āhua rerekē te nekehanga o ngā pakeke i runga i te hara. Taihara he e wehea i roto i te hara, me misdemeanors: te tuatahi, ko te hunga he e taea te kawe i te whiu o te ora, i te whare herehere, ki te whare herehere, te pai, i te misdemeanors e te hunga he e taea te kawe i te whiu o te puke pai ranei. I te kai o te ture kirimina, ka tito i te whakahau, e opani i te ngā whanonga tangata, me te whakatau e whakarato ana hoki i te mau hopearaa no te ofatiraa o te whakahau. Ko reira mārama e, tae noa ki te tahi hara, e te tikanga ko te taua i roto i te āhua rerekē, ko te whiu kia rerekē, me te maha hara e rerekē i te kāwanatanga ki te kāwanatanga, i roto i te tikanga e koe te tautapa i te rerekē te pakeke ki te taua whanonga anti-pāpori ko e te kāwanatanga katoa pakia etahi whanonga, engari e kore e etahi o nga ētahi atu, katoa kia rite ki te kunenga mai o te ture a te hapori i roto i te ao.

Te āhua o te taihara paerewa whiu, ko te kaupapa, i roto i te Itari, o ngā pātai tawhito

‘I te tuatahi, i te whakautu hāngai i roto i te ahunga o te ite i teie mau pānga ture anake i roto i te nuinga o te, te hangai denominated taihara. e ti’a ia tatou ki te whakaaro i te penal pānga hangai ingoa i roto i tenei ara: ko te ure, me te i ēnei rā e taea e matou, kahore he feaa, tāpiri i te mehua o ano, I tenei kōhanga, ko te reira i te whakaaro kia rite ki nei i te ture whakapūmau i whakatakotoria iho mo te whakapanga o te whiu tono ki katoa i te ture e i te mau hopearaa i roto i atu rite ki te tauhohenga ki te aha ratou e kore e meatia e ratou, i.e, ka rite ki te tauhohenga ki te hara i taua — i reira kia mau ai, me te reira he ētahi atu whāinga, ko te taha i te raro, i te mea faufaa, rite whakaturia i roto i te i runga ake. E kore e hanga i tetahi wahi o te»hara», pera ki te korero, i te ture pānga i roto i te wahi kino e hāngai ana ki te fakaivifo’ou, ōhanga, ranei morare, o te kino i meinga e te putanga nei: pakaru, te hanga, te faaho’iraa mai o te tatūtangā ante’. Ko te take-ture o te Strasbourg Marae i runga i rave rahi mau taime, kua kī i te āhua tino taihara mo nga take o te tono a te taurangi o te tukanga e tika ana (te toi. te ono o te ECHR), o te aukati, i te ōkawa whakarōpūtia rite te whakahaere i roto i te ā-tikanga o te Āhua, ka rite ki te roa rite reira ko te kitea i te iti rawa tetahi o nga paearu (te pera-ka karanga»paearu Engel») tukatuka i te reira i taua ture supranational mo tenei whanake. He aha te whakatau kia whakaaro nui taihara i raro i te ECHR me tapae i te iti rawa i te kotahi o ēnei pūāhua:»te tikanga e utaina atu ki te whakahaere whakatau kia tono ki te generality o te āpiti, me te ki te whai i te ārai, repressive me te whiu, a kahore noa iho i te ariki ranei te whiu pea ki te e whakataua me te arahi ki te kaituhi o te hara, he nui te patunga tapu, ara te pono ōhanga, me te kore e arā, i roto i te fakamasiva o liberty»